European History

European History

To appear:

‘Célibat, mariage et  réforme: le problème dans le Midi’, Cahiers de Fanjeaux 52, L’Église et la chair (XIIe. – Xve.s.)



‘Principles at Stake: The debate of April 2013 in retrospect’ in Antonio Sennis (ed.), Cathars in Question (Woodbridge, York Medieval Press, 2016), 257 – 73

‘The Weight of Opinion’, in Kate Cooper and Conrad Leyser, eds., Making Early Medieval Societies: Conflict and Belonging in the Latin West, 400-1200 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016), 202 – 19

‘The Cathar Middle Ages as an Historiographical Problem’ in David C. Mengel and Lisa Wolverton, eds. Christianity and Culture in the Middle Ages: Essays to Honor John Van Engen. (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2015), 58 – 86

‘Conflicts of identity, conflicts through identity: heresy, schism and mechanisms of control’ in  Giancarlo Andenna, ed. Religiosità e civiltà: identità delle forme religiose (secoli X-XIV) : atti del convegno internazionale, Brescia, 9-11 settembre 2009 (Milan, Vita e Pensiero 2011)

‘Popular Heresy in Medieval Italy’ in Stephane Boisellier, Francois Clement and John Tolan, eds., Minorités et régulations sociales en Méditerranée médiévale, (Presse Universitaire de Rennes, Rennes 2010), 269 – 79.

‘Heresy as Politics and the Politics of Heresy,’ in Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye and E. Ann Matter, Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe (Philadelphi, U. of Penn. P, 2008), pp. 17 – 46, 249 – 52.

‘The war against heresy in medieval Europe’, Historical Research 81 (2008), 189 – 210, reprinted in David Bates et al. eds, The Creighton Century (London, IHR 2009), 295 – 325

‘Making Enemies: Latin Christendom in the Age of Reform’,  Historein, 6 (Athens, 2006),  48 – 54

‘Afterthoughts on The Origins of European Dissent,’ in Michael Frassetto, ed., Heresy and Persecution in the Middle Age. Essays on the work of R. I. Moore (Leiden: 2006), 291-326.

‘Building the Ramparts: Heresy and Social Change in the Time of Peter the Venerable’, in Miquel Berceló and José Martinez Gázquez, Musulmanes y cristianos en Hispania durante las conquists  de los siglos xii y xiii (Barcelona, 2005), 51 – 61

‘The Transformation of Europe as a Eurasian Phenomenon’ in Johann P. Arnason and Björn eds, Eurasian Transformations, Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries (Leiden 2004), pp. 77 – 98

‘Feudalism and Revolution in the Making of Europe’, in M. Barcelo, G. Feliu, A. Furio, M. Miquel, J. Sobrequés eds, El feudalisme compatat i debatut. Formació I expansió del feudalisme català (Universitat de Valencia, 2003), pp. 19 – 34.

‘Les albigeois d’après les chroniques angevines’ in La croisade albigeoise, Actes du colloque du Centre des Etudes Cathares, 4, 5 et 6 Octobre 2002 (Carcassonne, 2004), pp. 81 – 90

‘Medieval Europe: Heresy and enthusiasm in “the millennial generation”’ in Abbas Amanat and Magnus Bernhardsson, eds. Imagining the End: Millennial Faith from Ancient Middle East to Contemporary America (I. B. Tauris, 2001), pp. 129 – 47

‘Ranulf Flambard and Christina of Markyate’, in R. Eales and H. Leyser, eds., Thought and Belief in the Middle Ages: Essays presented to Henry Mayr-Harting (O. U. P., 2001), 231-5, reprinted in Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser eds., Christian of Markyate A twelfth-century holy woman (Routledge, 2005), 138 – 42

‘The Birth of Popular Heresy: A Millennial Phenomenon?’, Journal of Religious History 24. 1 (February 2000)

‘Postface’, in Monique Zerner, ed. Inventer l’hérésie?, Collection du Centre d’Etudes Médiévales 2 (Nice, 1998), pp. 263 – 9.

‘Property, marriage and the eleventh-century revolution’ in Michael Frassetto, ed., Clerical Celibacy and Ecclesiastical Reform in the Middle Ages (New York, Garland Press, 1998).

‘The Birth of Europe as a Eurasian Phenomenon’, Modern Asian Studies 31/3 (1997), pp. 583 – 601, reprinted in V. Lieberman, ed., Beyond Binary Histories: Re-imagining Eurasia to c. 1830 (Ann Arbor, 1999), pp. 139-59

‘Between Sanctity and Superstition: Saints and their Miracles in the Age of Revolution’, in The Work of Jacques Le Goff, and the Challenges of Medieval History ed. Miri Rubin (Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 63 – 75

‘Peter von Bruis’, Theologische Realenzyklopädie (Berlin, New York 1996), Band XXVI, pp. 285 – 7.

‘A la naissance d’une société persécutrice: les clercs, les Cathares et la formation de l’Europe’, in Le Catharisme,: un ordre condamné: Centre nationale d’études cathares, 6e. session d’histoire médiévale , September 1993 (Carcassone, 1996), pp. 11 – 37

Synthèse‘, ibidem pp. 295 – 304

‘Heresy, Repression and Social Change in the Age of Gregorian Reform’, in Medieval Christendom and its Discontents, ed. Scott J. Waugh (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 19 – 46.

”Heresy and the Making of Literacy, c. 1000 – 1150′, Peter Biller and Anne Hudson eds., Heresy and Literacy in the Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 19 – 37, reprinted in Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein eds., Debating the Middle Ages (Oxford 1998), pp. 363-75

‘Postscript: The Peace of God and the Social Revolution’, in The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France Around the Year 1000, ed. Thomas Head and Richard Landes (Cornell University Press, 1992), pp. 308 – 26.

‘Antisemitism and the Birth of Europe’, Studies in Church History ed. Diana Wood, 29, Christianity and Judaism, (Oxford, 1992), 33 – 57.

‘The First European Peace Movement, or Virtue Rewarded’, Medieval History. 2/1 (1992), 28 – 33.

`Popular Heresy’, in H.R. Loyn (ed.) The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia (Thames and Hudson, 1989, pp.169-71

`New sects and secret meetings: association and authority in the eleventh and twelfth centuries’, in Studies in Church History, ed. W. J. Sheils, 23, Voluntary Religious Associations, (Oxford, 1986),  47-68.

‘Guibert of Nogent and his World’, H. Mayr-Harting and R. I. Moore, eds., Essays in Medieval History Presented to R. H. C. Davis (London, 1985), 106 – 17

‘Popular Heresy and Popular Violence, 1022-1179’, in Studies in Church History 21, ed. W.J. Sheils, Toleration and Persecution (Oxford, Blackwell 1984), 43-50

‘Duby’s Eleventh Century’, History lxix (1984), 36 – 49

‘Family, Community and Cult on the Eve of the Gregorian Reform,’ Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5. 30 (1980), 49 – 79.

`Some heretical attitudes to the renewal of the church’,  Studies in Church History, ed. Derek Baker, 14, Renaissance and Renewal in Christian History (Oxford, 1977), 87-93.

`Heresy as Disease’, The Concept of Heresy in the Middle Ages, Medievalia Lovanensia, Series I, Studia IV (Louvain, 1976), 1-11.

`St. Bernard’s Mission to the Languedoc in 1145′, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, xlvii (1974), 1-10

Nicétas, émissaire de Dragovitch, a-t-il traversé les Alpes?’, Annales du Midi, 85 (1973), 85-90.

‘The Origins of Medieval Heresy’, History lv (1970), 21 – 36

`The Reconstruction of the Cartulary of Fontevrault’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, xli (1968), 86-95.



Magna Carta in a Global Perspective,  Lincoln 2015

“Little women sunk in sin”: was there a gender revolution in the twelfth century?”, St Andrews 2010

‘Popular heresy in the early middle ages: was there any?’ , Leeds, 2010

‘Text and Context in early popular heresy’, Leeds 2009

‘Heretics, Historians and Orientalism’,  Religion and Historiography conference, Volos, 2006